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Employment Crisis in Restaurants

I have procrastinated on writing this summary.  Our second questionnaire sought data on the current state of staffing and recruiting for restaurants. (For those who missed the first summary, there are 25 respondents to these questionnaires, representing thousands of restaurant units in all segments.) I wanted to write something profound and perceptive about the labor crisis that restaurants are experiencing. I wanted to write something that hasn’t been written already. But I have no new answers, no new insights.

By now, most everyone is aware of the scarcity of candidates for open restaurant positions. The reasons are numerous, including concern about COVID infection, lack of childcare options keeping people home, ease of obtaining unemployment benefits and relocation to areas of the country where cost of living is lower or where job opportunities are more lucrative. But the most significant reason appears to be that many have abandoned the restaurant industry as no longer a reliable and consistent way to make a living. Even the most conscientious of restaurateurs had to furlough or layoff team members at some point during the pandemic, some by choice, more because of municipal mandates on how restaurants could operate. Of those restaurant workers who were able to remain employed throughout the pandemic, most tipped employees saw a decline in earnings from lower sales resulting in lower tips and a decrease in hours worked, which impacted non-tipped employees as well.

Here’s the data on how our group is seeing the situation;

Finally, as restaurateurs grapple with the need to adjust to the shortage of eligible workers, here’s a sampling of some of the comments from our respondents;

My two cents? Between the effect of COVID on the industry and the social forces that have been at play for some time, I believe that the basic operating practices of the restaurant industry will undergo dramatic change over the next five years.

In order to bring people back into the industry, restaurants and all food service employment, will have to increase wages and benefits. Service charges will become standard practice in full service restaurants, while the very highest-end restaurants will continue to build service into the price of their menus. More casual restaurants will adopt technology (e.g. self-ordering on your phone) to reduce labor. In the not too distant future, tipping in the US will resemble the European practice of a small token of appreciation for a job well-done but the standardized 20% gratuity will already be included as a service charge.

Thought or comments you want to share? Please do!

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Advice from the Industry – Accrued Rent

It’s no secret that restaurants, especially independent and full-service restaurants, have been hit hard by the pandemic. And as common in distress situations, with crisis comes advice from all corners. Unfortunately, a lot of the advice being offered is not so good. Like the recent article featured in a prominent trade publication titled “How Restaurants Can Survive the Next Three Months” and then goes on to recommend “laying off your staff” as if that hadn’t been done early on. Or an earlier article that recommended the path to surviving the pandemic as “…maintain your maximum legal occupancy rate.” Or the dozens of articles recommending pivots of products and services with very few of them recognizing the investment, both financial and in energy, incurred in making such adjustments. Maybe the most egregious advice was the financial guru who advised against restaurateurs considering bankruptcy, because as he erroneously stated “It’s unlikely fees will be less than a quarter of a million dollars and oftentimes more.” and in doing so, may have deterred some people from the only financial protection they have.

So rather than shrug it off, I decided that with help from a lot of friends, we could gather and distribute some solid advice from restaurateurs and others who are dealing with the effects of the pandemic daily. More than 25 people including restaurateurs, chefs, foodservice suppliers, real estate consultants, financial service professionals, marketing and PR wizards, adult beverage distributors, investors, franchisors, franchisees, hospitality consultants (like me) and hospitality investors, agreed to participate.

Now seems a particularly good time to reach out to those who might need advice. With accelerated distribution of vaccines and the Restaurant Revival Fund enacted by Congress, it appears that this is a positive turning point for restaurants, especially independents and small franchise groups, providing the opportunity to regroup and restart. 

Our charge is to address one particularly relevant issue affecting the industry each month with the goal of offering some helpful insights and paths to help others deal with the problem that they might be currently facing. While 25 people is hardly a scientific sampling size, the group represents and works with thousands of restaurant units with deep connections in the industry. And so, while our results can be better called anecdotal evidence, it does provide a good indicator of the industry at-large.

The first question we’ve addressed is “accrued rent.” Our results indicate the majority of restaurants are facing significant back rent. While business is going to get better with warm weather (more outside dining available) and Restaurant Revival Funds are going to help struggling businesses, both increased business and RRF grants are going to compel landlords to demand payment.

Here are some quick numbers collated from the responses provided by the group. Please note that because many of the respondents represent multiple locations, most answers total to greater than 100% as those respondents typically have multiple answers to the same question.

Now, here’s the part that my colleagues and I hope is helpful. All the respondents responded that the most important aspect of dealing with back rent is communicating with the landlord.

100% of respondents offered the following –

Finally, the respondents were asked for predictions about the industry if the pandemic continues throughout 2021. Of course, the answers were not very optimistic with most predicting significant closures and conversion of full-service restaurants to a fast-casual model in order to survive. Several cited both the financial and psychological impact as untenable. Fortunately, dramatic changes have occurred in just the few weeks since the questionnaire went out. Optimism is high for the economy in general (Goldman Sachs is predicting 8% economic expansion comparing Q4 ’20 with Q4 ’21) and for restaurants spurred by increased vaccinations, relaxing of operating restrictions and the economic relief offered by the newest stimulus bill.

We’ll provide more insights on this and other topics each month (next topic is staffing and employment as restaurant’s gear up for increases in business.) 

My sincere thanks to all the respondents. See you next month!

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OpenTable Roundtable – Recruiting during the Age of COVID

Thanks to Winston Lord, Chief Evangelist at OpenTable and the rest of OpenTable team, I was privileged to moderate another virtual roundtable last week. This one centered around recruiting and hiring as our restaurant community relaunches their businesses while COVID still dominates how we operate.

We had an all-star cast of top US based operators including several with international operations. We also had the good fortune to be joined by Alice Cheng, founder and CEO of Culinary Agents (https://culinaryagents.com), who brought great information and a broad, national perspective to the conversation. (Take a look at the post on my Sternberg Hospitality page regarding the Culinary Agent survey results https://www.facebook.com/SternbergHospitality/posts/4297985426880084.)  

Our goal was to share and identify the best practices that are enabling a positive outlook on coming back to work as well as discuss some of the issues that have come up so that we might offer some ideas on how to solve the problems that the COVID pandemic has created.

Key takeaways –                               

In the Culinary Agents survey, the indication was that 92% of the workforce intended to stay in the industry, citing passion as the single most important reason for staying. Interestingly, 21% said that career growth was their compelling reason for staying in the restaurant business.

I need to also stress how much all these operators continue to do to for their communities. A couple were working with World Central Kitchen in preparing and providing meals, some were making box meals for their employees and families, and several were offering food for a variety of community efforts. As always, my fellow restaurateurs amaze me with their “give first” mentality. In the midst of a huge downturn in the own financial prospects, they never stop thinking about the needs of others.

Another great session and some terrific learning.

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Support During and post- COVID

As you and your business work your way through this unprecedented time in the restaurant industry, you are being faced with the need to understand and negotiate the many operating restrictions created by the COVID crisis. Decisions regarding team and guest health and safety, changes in Standard Operating Practices, operating budgets and cash flow (especially as PPP funds dissipate) amid the dozens of choices you make daily, all need to be re-appraised, re-considered and re-evaluated.

Your next steps are critical to your long-term success. Sternberg Hospitality is here to assist you in your decision-making process, providing experience, insight, and industry data to support you in making the right choices.  Whether your need is as simple as team re-training, concept refresh, financial analysis and/or diversifying your revenue stream, or as detailed as a full-scale review and relaunch plan, the Sternberg Hospitality team will work with you to bring you to the right decisions specific to your unique business. Please call or email to discuss your situation in confidence without cost or obligation.
Michael@Sternberghospitality.com 703.298.2706

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Tableside Semantics

In the past two weeks, I’ve had no less than 6 strangers introduce themselves to me in restaurants and relate what they were going to do for me. Each time they said, “Hi, my name is Alex and I’ll be your server”, I couldn’t help but respond “ Thanks for clearing that up. I was wondering what you were doing at our table.”

Seriously, we understand how restaurants work. I am the customer and you are the server. Only thing worse than thinking I’m not smart enough to figure out why you are at the table is when you say “…and I’ll be taking care of you.” Really? Is this just a one-night thing or will you be taking me to my doctor appointment tomorrow? Taking care of me is a big responsibility (ask my wife!). Are you sure you are up to it?

Great restaurateurs make proper semantics a priority and so should you. Thoughtful, non-mechanical greetings, follow-up questions and knowledgeable suggestions make the difference between average restaurant visits and experiences that bring guests back.  Your team represents your restaurant by their words and actions. The best restaurants make sure that all the good things that are done aren’t undermined by poor use of words.

Some examples?

“Can I get you something to drink?” – Guaranteed to be answered with “Water please” which not only reduces sales, but makes the guest experience less enjoyable. Who is going to have a more enjoyable meal? Is it the person drinking water or the one enjoying a selection from your carefully crafted beverage program?

In my waiter days, I always led the service team in Champagne sales because I’d greet each table with a some variation of  “Welcome. May I bring you one of our signature cocktails, some wine or perhaps a glass of Champagne? We’re featuring Moet Brut this week.” Ever had a table drinking champagne that wasn’t having a good time?

“Everything is good.” – In answer to the guest’s question of “What do you recommend”, one of the worst answer is “It’s all good.”  Of course it is. Why else would it be on the menu? The real question being asked is “What are the items on this menu that I simply must try and that will make me want to come back often?”  If your \ team doesn’t have an answer ready, they are missing a huge sales opportunity.  A friend who worked at Atlanta’s famous Buckhead Diner, approached his tables with “I’ve already placed an order for you for our Chocolate Banana Cream Pie. Now let’s talk about dinner.” By doing so, he was sending a very clear message of expertise in that he knew what was good and what shouldn’t be missed.

A worse answer then the above is “I don’t know. I’m a vegetarian.”  WHAT DOES THAT HAVE TO DO WITH ANYTHING?  The guest doesn’t care about your dietary restrictions. She wants to know what to eat. 

The corollary response is  “I don’t know. I’m new here.” Owners and managers, this is on you. Make sure your servers know the menu before you put them on the floor. Sure it’s expensive to have the staff sampling your menu but it’s more expensive for them not to sell the fabulous lamb dish because they don’t know it. As for your vegetarian servers, they don’t have to eat meat to know what the pork chops look like or that guests love them.  It’s better if they taste the food so that they really do have their favorites however even vegans can ask their fellow team members what their favorite items to sell are and make recommendations based on the information they receive.

“Is everything okay?” – Why would you want to emphasize that the meal was okay? Okay is not good and its certainly not great. More importantly, okay does not engender return visits. Only an answer of great creates return visits.

In my steakhouses, the proper question to ask was “Is your steak prepared properly for you?” because the answer was most commonly “It’s perfect!” and then we had the guest themselves reinforcing that they had a perfect meal.  Doesn’t get much better than perfect.

Are you done with that?” or worse “Are you still working on that?”  –  Starting with the latter, if eating at your restaurant is work, it’s time to start exploring new career options. Enough said.

“Are you done with that?” is the wrong question. Asking if the guest is done assumes that they don’t wish to take their leftovers home. (It also sounds like that high school friend of yours who was always scarfing your remaining fries.) There is also an inference that the guest is holding things up. Kind of a “aren’t you done with that yet?” It’s not relevant if our guests are done. What is relevant is if we can remove their plate. A simple “May I …?” with a hand extended gets the point across simply, succinctly and without inference.

There are dozens of ways that tableside semantics can be undermining the guest’s dining experience. Think about the how your guests are engaged from the moment they enter your premises. Are you providing a warm, appealing atmosphere or are you treating your guests as a transaction? Semantics are tremendously important in creating the atmosphere that you desire. I’ll share more examples and techniques in the near future.

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What comes after the Corona Crisis?

I started this commentary in early April, as a prediction on what the restaurant landscape would look like on the other side of the pandemic. I was writing it with my friend, Alex Robertson, CEO of e-gift card company, GiftRocker. Alex got side tracked and I put it away waiting for his input. So here it is eight weeks later and I decided to resurrect it with a few updates – although surprisingly, fewer updates than I thought would be necessary.

The first two questions I initially posed were “When will restaurants re-open?” and “What sort of restrictions will they operate under?”  Since many restaurants have reopened or are on the verge of re-opening, the question of when and how restaurants will open is being decided by municipal guidelines.  So I skipped the “when” and changed the restriction question to thoughts of how the effects of the pandemic will continue to be felt.

And as long as I have your attention, everyone, please stop describing restaurants as having “razor-thin margins” while asking for bail-outs and promoting rescue plans! There is nothing to be rescued If restaurants cannot operate profitably. I’m sure that not a single restaurant investment pitch or bank loan application included the promise of razor-thin margins.  The truth is, restaurants can and should operate profitably. We, as restaurateurs, need to reject the status quo of 70% prime costs and start looking at our costs and profitability in new, innovative ways so that we can deliver profits in a more consistent manner.

So here are my thoughts:

Besides occupancy restrictions, what other factors will affect my business?  The biggest hit to revenue for upscale, full-service restaurants will be a restriction on banquets and private dining. Until there is an effective vaccine in place, bringing groups of people of any size (larger than 10?) is probably not a good idea. As restaurants go back into operation and, I think assuming no banquet business is a conservative assumption for the next 6-12 months. On the other hand, one of my clients is predicting that he’ll see an increase in outside corporate catering.

Other factors that will affect sales will be the reduction in business travel, conventions, concerts, theater and other performances, movies, sporting events, etc.  Some of these daily functions that we previously took for granted will come back but we’ll need to take into consideration the public’s confidence in their own safety. How many people will be willing to go to a restaurant, attend a ballgame or get on a plane, prior to the introduction and wide-spread distribution of an effective vaccine?  All those factors are going to cut into sales. Restaurants need to plan for that.

My takeout/delivery business has soared over the last two months. Will that continue? In a word – No. People are being very supportive of restaurants at the moment because restaurants have been so visibly affected by “shut-down” and “stay-at-home” government orders. However, with unemployment projected to grow as high as 30%, the luxury of carry-out and delivery restaurant meals will dissipate.

Frankly, I’ve always questioned the profitability of delivery and take-out for full-service restaurants, especially when using one of the third-party services for delivery. Adding the high commissions paid to UberEats, Caviar, DoorDash, GrubHub, etc., and it doesn’t add up as a profit center. Those operating restaurants for take-out and delivery are to be admired for keeping team members engaged and employed during the “shut-down”.  As restaurants head back into service, operators need to think about the effect on bottom line and how carry-out/delivery represents their brand. Clearly, food shows better when presented in the restaurant. Carry-out can be a positive revenue generator when it is creating ancillary sales. Once business is allowed to resume and dining rooms are allowed to re-open, my suggestion is to create a carry-out program with menu items that can be a positive reflection of your main business. If carry-out/delivery orders are competing with serving people in the restaurant, causing long ticket times or requiring additional labor, the program needs to be re-focused.

What about competition from Ghost Kitchens? The growth of “ghost kitchens” or virtual restaurants has been largely fueled by private equity (as has 3rd party delivery) and as a sub-section of the restaurant industry, has not yet proven to be a profitable business model. My guess is that by the full re-opening of the economy, private equity investors are not going have an appetite to fund losses for these start-ups, which should slow the growth of virtual restaurants considerably. I also believe that consumers are going to trust existing restaurants for their take-out meals over imaginary restaurants operating out of a warehouse or basement somewhere.

Ok, doesn’t sound pretty for the near future. How do I survive? Here’s the absolute truth; this too shall pass. The restaurant business will recover. It will change but it will recover.

Start by creating a financial and operating plan and share it with stakeholders (employees, customers investors, banks, vendors). Show them that this situation is temporary and that you have a plan to go forward.

First step is creating a realistic revenue projection. Assume that things are going to suck for about a year. Now put together a budget for the next 12 months based on that projection. Ask your team to help with suggestions as you consider what cuts are needed and how your restaurants can operate under these new numbers. No one knows your business as well as you and your team. Put all ideas on the table. Your team may create ways to save money or even better, bring in revenue,  that you haven’t thought about.

Once you have a new budget and projections, immediately speak to your bank, investors and landlord.  Be transparent and show them the financial plan. If you have investors, let them know that you need to suspend distributions and interest payments. If you have bank loans, speak to your bank representative. Beyond the assistance offered by the CARES Act, your bank may be willing to accept interest-only payments for the foreseeable future or otherwise adjust your loan agreements so that they can help you survive, which is good for you and good for them.

Communicate with your guests. Make sure they know you are there to serve them and that you look forward to welcoming them back to the restaurant. As you’ve seen, expressing the sanitation practices you are instituting to protect your guests and employees, is important in making both groups feel at ease in the restaurant environment. If your team members aren’t feeling good about being back in the restaurant, there is no way they can make the guests feel comfortable.

Contact your landlord. Give them an honest and full disclosure of your situation. Share your projection and let them know what you can afford to pay now and over the next 12 months. If you can cover the pass-through expenses, that is better for them than having the space empty (and sadly, there will be lots of empty restaurant spaces by the end of this.) Just like the old saying that the most expensive item in a restaurant is an empty seat, no landlord wants their space to be vacant. If you can show them that you have a plan for how you will recover, you are their best option. Forcing you into a financial position that you cannot afford is not in theirs or your best interest.

As part of this financial plan, look to your own financial needs. You are asking others to adjust their expectations.  You need to make sure your own financial needs are covered but it may be awhile before you get the “financial rewards” you deserve for getting through this mess.

Once you have these immediate needs addressed, you’ll be able to address your other creditors such as key vendors. Don’t forget to contact your insurance broker and adjust your revenue and payroll projections to your new budget so that your insurance premiums go down.

Is there any light at the end of the tunnel?

Absolutely! There is a silver lining in every situation. On the other hand, there is a saying that the problem with seeing the light at the end of the tunnel is that it means you’re still in the tunnel.

The biggest issues restaurants we’re confronting prior to the Corona Virus crisis were finding and retaining good employees, rising occupancy and development costs, too many restaurant seats and competition for the dining dollar. All these issues will be solved because, sadly, there will simply be fewer restaurants on the other side of the crisis. Great employers will have a better pool of candidates, landlords will be more competitive on rents to the tenant’s benefit, and contractors’ costs will be lower because fewer new restaurants will be built. Ron Shaich, the man responsible for the incredible success of Panera, said his highest ROI Paneras were the stores they built after the recessions of 2001 and 2008 because development costs and occupancy were at least 20% lower than normal.

People’s habits will change slightly because of the Corona crisis but they are still going to go out to eat. For those who can endure, business will be better than ever as the US goes back to work because of pent-up demand and simply because there will be fewer competitors. Those operators who have the money to expand their operations will be entering the greatest “buyers’ market” of my career  – and I’ve been doing this since 1977!

This momentary recess gives us a chance to think through our businesses. Restaurants will endure and if we do it right this time around, they will once again thrive.

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